“in case” vs “in case of” in English

“IN CASE” VS ” IN CASE OF” 



Differences Between “in case of” and ” in case ” in English

“in case” and “in case of”, both of them, connect two clauses. However, there are some basic differences in terms of their uses. 

You can see their uses and related examples below. ( Differences between “in case” and ” in case of ” )




1. “IN CASE OF”

“in case of “ AS A PREPOSITION  ( IN THE EVENT OF SOMETHING )

” in case of “ is used to say what we should do if or when something happens. In other words, ” in case of “ means ” in  the event of ( a particular situation)”

  • ” in case of “ is a preposition we use with a noun to mean if or when something happens.

The structure of ” in case of “;

 In Case Of + A Noun ( or Ving )       

You can see many examples related to using “in case of “ below;

Examples:

  •    There is a number here to call in case of an emergency.
  •    In case of failure, you should be try again.
  •    In case of fire, break glass.
  •    They will come back to the hotel in case of snow.
  •    In case of breakdown, please press the alarm button.
  •    In case of an earthquake we should leave the building immediately.
  •    Instructions about what to do in case of theft.

ATTENTION:

A noun comes after ” in case of “.

2. “IN CASE”

“in case” AS A CONJUNCTION  ( ACTION/PLAN – POSSIBLE REASON )

“in case”as a conjunction, is used to connect two clauses. The clause which start with “in case” introduces the possible reason of the first clause. ( what possible reason something is done )

  • “in case” is used before the clause which indicates the possible reason/cause.

The structure of ” in case “;

  A Main Clause + In Case + A Reason Clause    

You can see many examples related to using “in case” below;

Examples:

  •    I will not go to my office by my car in case it snows. ( Action – Possible Reason )

             ( It snows – possibility ( reason ) / I will not go… – precaution ( action ) )

  •    My mother put a cake in my handbag in case I was hungry. ( Action – Possible Reason )

             ( I was hungry – possibility ( reason ) / My mother put a cake… – precaution ( action ) )

  •    Her father always gives her some money in case she need it. ( Action – Possible Reason )

             ( She need it – possibility ( reason ) / Her father always gives her some money – precaution ( action ) )

ATTENTION:

A clause comes after “in case”.

For  detailed using “in case” in English, click here

For detailed using “in case of ” in English, click here

 

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