Using The Present Continuous Tense, Definitions and Examples. Follow the list for detailed expressions;
The tenses simply show the time of an action.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Present Continuous Tense indicate an action which is in progress at the time of speaking or at the present time.
POSITIVE FORM (+) : Subject + BE ( am / is / are ) + Verb-ING
NEGATIVE FORM (-) : Subject + BE ( am / is / are ) + NOT + Verb-ING
QUESTION FORM (?) : BE ( am / is / are ) + Subject + Verb-ING
NEGATIVE QUESTION FORM (?): BE ( am / is / are ) + NOT + Subject + Verb-ING
|POSITIVE (+)||NEGATIVE (-)||POSITIVE QUESTION (?)||NEGATIVE QUESTION (?)|
|He is working||He is not working||Is he working||Isn’t he working|
|She is working||She is not working||Is she working||Isn’t she working|
|It is working||It is not working||Is it working||Isn’t it working|
|I am working||I am not working||Am I working||Aren’t I working|
|You are working||You are not working||Are you working||Aren’t you working|
|We are working||We are not working||Are we working||Aren’t we working|
|They are working||They are not working||Are they working||Aren’t they working|
Note: Be aware of the use of the first individual person ‘ I ‘.
We use ‘ I ‘ in a negative question form ‘ Aren’t I’ instead of ‘ Am not I ‘.
Common tense markers:
Currently, at present, fort he time being, at the moment, now, Look!, Listen!, Be Careful, While/When
USING OF PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE:
(1) Present Continuous Tense expresses the idea that something is happening now, at this moment.
- She is listening the music now.
- We are learning English at this moment.
- My mother is cooking dinner in the kitchen now.
- The gardener is working in the garden at this time.
- At present, children are doing a lot of things that can not be done before.
- She is having breakfast at the moment.
- Look! A car is coming.
- While you are studying, I will make a cake.
- We are currently looking for individuals who have experience in customer service.
- We will rent a flat but fort he time being we are staying at our friend’s house.
(2) Sometimes Present Continuous Tense expresses longer actions not at the moment but in progress . ‘Now’ as a time marker in this situation means “this second,” “today,” “this month,” “this year,” “this century” and so on.
- She is studying to become a science teacher.
- We are working on a new project.
- I am learning to play guitar.
(3) Present Continuous Tense is used to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future.
- You are starting work tomorrow.
- My sister is coming with us to the party tonight.
- I am talking to the teacher after this lesson.
(4) Present Continuous Tense used with “always’’, ‘’constantly’’, ‘’ forever’’ expresses the idea that something often happens in a negative sense. In other words, we use to complain.
- She is always talking.
- These students are constantly complaining about everything.
- You are always coming to work late. You must wake up early.
- He is forever speaking. Someone should silence him.
Notice: Some verbs are not used with Present Continuous Tense. These verbs are called “state verbs”.
Present continuous tense shows that an action is done physically and visually. Therefore, abstract meaningful expressions such as abstract thinking, love, understanding, possessing can not be used in continuous (be + -ing) construction. These things are expressed by Simple Tense.
- I am understanding you ‘ is WRONG
- I understand ‘ is TRUE
- He is hating Math ‘ is WRONG
- He hates math ‘ is TRUE
SOME STATE / STATIVE VERBS:
Mental State Verbs:
know, realize, understand, recognize, believe, feel, suppose, think, imagine, doubt, remember, forget, want, need, desire, mean
Emotional State Verbs:
love, like, appreciate, please, prefer, hate, dislike, fear, envy, mind,care, astonish, surprise, amaze
Possession State Verbs:
have, belong, possess, own
Sense/Perception State Verbs:
taste, smell, hear, feel, see
Other Stative Verbs:
look, seem, appear, sound, resemble, look like, cost, owe, weigh, equal, be, exist, matter,
consist of, include, contain
Some verbs can be both stative and dynamic:
But this different use also leads to a difference in meaning. Some verbs that can be used with two different meanings are given below.
(A verb which isn’t stative is called a dynamic verb, and is usually an action.)
‘be’ is usually a stative verb, but when it is used in the continuous it means ‘behaving’ or ‘acting’
Spelling of Verbs –ing:
1) If the verb ends with ‘-e ‘, we remove ‘ –e ‘ and add ‘ –ing ‘ .
live – living
ride – riding
make – making
2) If the verb ends with consonant + vowel + consonant, we double the final consonant and add ‘ –ing ‘.
stop – stopping
run – running
plan – planning
3) If the verb ends with ‘ – ie ‘, we change it to ‘–ying’.
lie – lying
die – dying
tie – tying
4) If the verb ends with two consonants, we do not double the final consonant and add ‘–ing’.
sing – singing
wash – washing
5) If a two-syllable verb ends with consonant + vowel + consonant, we do not double the final consonant when the stress is on the first syllable and add ‘–ing’.
happen – happening
enter – entering
suffer – suffering
6) If the verb ends with W, X or Y or when the final syllable is not emphasized, We do not double the final consonant and ‘–ing’.
fix – fixing
enjoy – enjoying
snow – snowing
7) If the verb ends with two vowel + one consonant, we do not double the final consonant and add ‘–ing’.
keep – keeping
read – reading
8) If the verb ends with consonant + vowel + ‘-l’ , we normally double the final ‘ –l ‘ and add ‘-ing’.
However, in the United States (US) they do not double the -l when the accent is on the first syllable.
travel – travelling ( UK ) – traveling ( US )
marvel – marvelling ( UK ) – marveling ( US )
9) If the verb ends with a stressed vowel + ‘ –r ‘ , we double the final ‘-r’ and add ‘-ing’.
refer – referring
defer – deferring
10) If the verb ends with an unstressed vowel + ‘ –r ‘, we do not double the final ‘-r’ and add ‘-ing’.
offer – offering
suffer – suffering
whisper – whispering