Using EITHER in English

Using Either … or, either of and etc… Please follow the list for detailed expressions and examples;

EITHER

Either refers to any one of the two things or people. Either is always considered singular in a sentence.




Examples:

  • I bought two shoes yesterday. Either shoes is for you.
  • I will choose either of these candidates for the student representation.
  • Either staff can come with me.
  • Was either of these students in the classroom yesterday?
  • Which one do you like, coffee or tea?  – Either. I don’t mind.
  • I don’t want either of them.




Using ‘Either’:

1.Either is used before a singular noun as a determiner.

Either + singular noun ( as  a determiner)

Examples:

  • I chose these jackets. I think that either jacket fits you.
  • Two political parties are preparing for election. Either  party will be elected.
  • Last night those two cars were very fast. Either car could have made an accident. Luckily, they didn’t.

2.Using Either with ‘or’ (  Either … or … / Either as a Conjunction ) :

Either is used as a conjunction so we can express alternatives and/or a choice between two things or people.

Either + Noun + or + Noun

Examples:

  • We will eat either pizza or hamburger at the restaurant tomorrow.
  • Either you and Thomas had to complete the task.
  • You should choose either this car or that car. I can not take both of them together.

Either + Clause + or + Clause

Examples:

  • Either you leave your weapon or I will kill the girl.
  • Either he will be in peace with his wife or he will divorce.
  • Either you go by plane to that country or you get a lot of trouble during the journey.

Notes:

The structure of eitheror …  can also be used in different places in a sentences.

Examples:

  • We can either have coffee or tea.
  • You will either leave my home or I will call the police.
  • I’ll either write to you or phone you next week.


3.Using Either with ‘of’ :

In this case verb can be singular or plural.

Either of + determiner ( the, my, these ) + plural noun

Examples:

  • Either of my friends want / wants a pencil from me.
  • Either of these skirts can fit me.
  • Either of the children can say what happened in the classroom.


Either + of + object pronoun ( you, us, them )

Examples:

  • I don’t want either of them.
  • Either of you is / are very lucky.
  • I want to choose either of you for this contest.


4.Either can also be used alone:

It means it doesn’t matter which alternative.

Example:

  • What kind of ice cream do you want, strawberry or chocolate? – Either.
  • What color ball do you want me to get you, yellow or green? – Either.

5.Either can be used at the end of the negative sentence to express the meaning like you, too, also

Example:

  • I have never been in America. – I haven’t either.
  • I don’t want to become a teacher. –  My brother doesn’t either.

6.Either can be used as a subject in positive sentences and questions. However, Either can be used as an object, not a subject in negative sentences.

Examples:

  • Either of these stories is / are true.
  • Could either of you help us?
  • He doesn’t want either of his parents to know he is sick. ( Not his father and not his mother)

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