Using “in case” in English




1.  USING “IN CASE” ( AS A CONJUNCTION ) TO SHOW REASON/CAUSE IN ENGLISH

“in case” is used to talk about things we should do in order to be prepared for possible future situations. In other words, 

“in case” is a structure we use when expressing how we will take precautions for the possibility of something.

Namely;

  • “in case” is a conjunction which is used to join two clauses. ( one of them expresses an action, the other expresses the reason )
  • “in case” is used before the clause which indicates the reason/cause.
  • “in case” is used to indicate the reason or cause of the action which is mentioned before.

 

A ( Main) Clause ( Action ) + In Case + A Clause ( Reason )

                                                       OR

PRECAUTION + In Case + POSSIBILITY





You can see many examples related to using “in case” below;

Examples:

  •    I will not go to my office by my car in case it snows. ( Action – Reason )

             ( It snows – possibility / I will not go… – precaution )

  •    My mother put a cake in my handbag in case I was hungry. ( Action – Reason )

             ( I was hungry – possibility / My mother put a cake… – precaution )

  •    Her father always gives her some money in case she can need it. ( Action – Reason )

             ( She can need it – possibility / Her father always gives her some money – precaution )

  •    Take your hat in case it is sunny. ( Action – Reason )

             ( It is sunny – possibility / take your hat – precaution )

  •    I put the keys here in case I forget. ( Action – Reason )

             ( I forget – possibility / I put the keys here – precaution )

  •    Take an umbrella in case it rains. ( Action – Reason )

             ( It rains – possibility / Take an umbrella – precaution )

  •    The teacher wrote down the student’s homework on a piece of paper in case he should forget his homework. ( Action – Reason )

             ( he should forget… – possibility / the teacher wrote down – precaution )

2.  USING “IN CASE” ( AS AN ADVERB – JUST IN CASE ) IN ENGLISH

just in case” is used without a following clause to mean simply “as a precaution”.

You can see many examples related to using just in case” below;

Examples:

  •    Take an extra singlet, just in case.
  •    It might sunny today so you should take your hat just in case.
  •    He don’t think he will need any money. However, he will bring some money just in case.

For  “so that” vs ” in case”, click here

For “in case” vs “in case of”, click here

 

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