Using Neither … nor, neither of and etc… Please follow the list for detailed expressions and examples;
Neither refers to not both of the two things or people. The sentences with ‘ neither ‘ have a negative meaning.
- Neither of my friends likes playing basketball.
- Which one would you like coffee or tea? – Neither.
- Neither one of them wants to do that.
- Mary didn’t go to the party, and neither did Lisa. ( She didn’t go also.)
- I can not speak neither Spanish nor French.
1.Neither is used as a determiner before a singular noun.
Neither + singular noun ( as a determiner)
- Neither postgraduate student could finish their articles.
- Neither student got enough points to pass the course.
- Neither book is mine.
- Neither movie were educational.
2.Using Neither with ‘nor’ ( Neither … nor … / Neither as a Conjunction ) :
Neither is used as a conjunction. This structure, “neither … nor”, is used to connect the same kind of word or phrase in the sentence. The verb is always singular.
Neither + Noun + nor + Noun
- Neither the green dress nor the pink dress are available for now in our shop.
- Neither Jason nor Donald came to the party.
- Neither I nor my wife is tall. But our daughter is tall.
- Neither my mother nor my father know how to read or write.
Neither + Verb/Phrase + nor + Verb/Phrase
- She will neither call him nor send him a message anymore.
- They neither can travel around the city nor can relax during job interviews.
- My brother neither smokes nor drinks.
- I neither know nor wonder where my wife is.
3.Using Neither with ‘of’ :
In this structure the verb can be singular or plural.
Neither of + determiner ( the, my, these ) + plural noun
- Neither of my parents like / likes drinking coffee.
- Neither of the answers is / are correct.
- Neither of these students want / wants to do their homework.
Neither of + object pronoun ( you, us, them )
- Neither of them know / knows what troubles I have.
- Neither of you is / are always listening to what each other is talking about.
- Neither of us has / have visited these countries.
4. Neither can also be used alone:
It means not both or none of the two.
- Is she a teacher or a student? – Neither. She is a parent.
- What kind of cheesecake do you like, with strawberry or with chocolate? – Neither.
5.Neither / Nor can be used to express the meaning like you, too, also in a negative sense.
In this case we invert the auxiliary verb ( approciate to the person and the time ( tense ) and the subject after neither / nor. In short;
( Neither or nor + auxiliary/modal verb + subject) is used to mean ‘also not’.
- We haven’t seen Paul for a week. Neither has Kevin. ( the less formal alternative is ‘ Kevin hasn’t either.’)
- I can’t speak English very well, nor can my friend.
6.Using ‘ Neither‘ in a positive sentence and using ‘ either’ in a negative sentence gives the same meaning to the sentence.
- I have neither an opinion nor a solution.
- I don’t have either an opinion or a solution. ( It means neither of them)
- I want neither of you to help me.
- I don’t want either of you to help me. ( It means neither of you)