Using “So” in English

USING “So” IN ENGLISH



“So” + ADJECTIVE

First of all, we can use “so” with adjectives

“So” gives meaning  to the words which are expressed,“very”  or “that much”.

 

Examples:

  • Tom seems so happy now.
  • She was so sad when my grandmother died.
  • I am so full. I can’t eat that.





“So” + ADVERB

We can use “so” with adverbs

“So” is used to express “extreme actions” in the sentences.

Examples:

  • The teacher was speaking so loudly.
  • They should run so rapidly.
  • I am waiting you so nervously.

ATTENTION:

“So” + ADJECTIVE/ADVERB + THAT + RESULT

We can also use “so” with “adjectives /adverbs + that” to explain the result. And also, it is used to indicate that something happens at extreme points. However, using “that” is not necessary. 

Examples:

  • My child’s room was so untidy ( that ) he could not find anything he was looking for . ( with or without “that”)
  • You are so beautiful ( that ) I can’t get my eyes off you. ( with or without “that”)
  • This machine works so loudly ( that ) I have a headache.

“So” + MANY/FEW +  PLURAL COUNTABLE NOUNS

“So” is used with “many/few” to indicate extremes in amount.

Examples:

  • They have so many childrens.
  • There are so few cars in the parking lot.
  • I ate so many hamburgers.

“So” + MUCH/LITTLE + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

“So” is used with “much/little” to indicate extremes in amount.

Examples:

  • The teacher gave so much advice to the students.
  • I have read so much news about this issue.
  • There is so little butter in the fridge.

ATTENTION:

“So” + MANY/FEW + PLURAL COUNTABLE NOUNS + THAT + RESULT

“So” + MUCH/LITTLE + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS + THAT + RESULT

We can also use “so” with “many/few/much/little + that” to explain the result. However, using “that” is not necessary. 

Examples:

  • The child had so many toys ( that ) he could not decide which to play.
  • He eats so much sugar ( that ) he may be a diabetic.
  • There was so much food ( that ) we couldn’t decide what to eat.

ATTENTION:

“So much” + COMPARATIVES

We use “so much” with “comparatives” to express extremes.

Examples:

  • He looks so much cooler in the clothes.
  • This athlete is getting so much faster.
  • The sales figures were so much better than expected.

“So” + MUCH / LITTLE / OFTEN / RARELY

“So” is used with “much/often,etc.” to express that how much or how often something is happened.

Examples:

  • I have drunk so much.
  • We have slept so little.
  • She wants to see him so often.

ATTENTION:

“So” + MUCH / LITTLE / OFTEN / RARELY + THAT + RESULT

We can also use “so” with “much,little,etc + that” to explain the result. However, using “that” is not necessary. 

Examples:

  • I ate so much that I am full.
  • He was sending me messages so often that I took him out of friends list.

“So” AS A CONJUNCTION  ( REASON -RESULT )

“So”, as a conjunction, is used to connect two clauses. The clause which start with “so” introduces the result of the first clause.

Examples:

  • They were tires so they went to bed early. 
  • I have some money so I want to buy a new car.
  • He ran very fast so we couldn’t see him exactly.

ATTENTION:

The clause , starting with “so”, can not come at the beginning of a sentence.

ATTENTION:

“So + that ” AS A CONJUNCTION 

“So + that”as a conjunction, is used to make explanation about the clause or to express the reason of the clause.

  • He wants to earn lots of money so that he can buy many things that he wants.
  • I put my glasses on so that I could see the movie better.
  • His father gave him some story books so that he could improve his reading.

“So” + AUXILIARY VERB + SUBJECT

We use “so” with this method, especially in short answers, to avoid repetitions to mean “in the same way, as well or too”

Examples:

  • A: He is a clever staff.  B: So is Linda.
  • John can swim very well, and so can his sister.
  • His parents want his child to have a good education. So does every parent.

“So” AS SUBSTITUTE

We can use “so” instead of repeating an object clause, also to avoid repetitions.

Examples:

  • A: Will Marry join the party tonight? B: I think so. ( I think Marry will join the party tonight. )
  • The exam was cancelled. The teacher told us so when we went to the school.  ( the teacher told us that the exam was cancelled. )
  • A: Is this correct answer? B: I suppose so! ( I suppose this is the correct answer )

For using “such” in English, click here

For differences between “so” and “such”, click here

For using “so…that” and “such…that”, click here

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