TYPES OF QUESTIONS
In English, there are two main types of questions which are;
- Yes / No Questions
- Wh – Questions
YES / NO QUESTIONS
Yes / No questions are the questions which are answered yes or no. It means when we are asking yes/no questions, we are expecting the answer, yes or no.
To form Yes/No questions, we use one of these verbs: auxiliary verbs ( be, do and have ) or modal verbs ( can, may,etc.).
We can not use questions words like what, how, why, who, etc. whilw making Yes/No questions.
FORMING YES/NO QUESTIONS
Yes / No questions are made, using the verb (am, is, are, was, were, have, had, do, does, did, can, will, should etc.) at the beginning of a sentence. Namely, subject and verb change their position in statement and question.
With An Auxiliary Verb ( “Be” or “Do” or “Have” ) or Modal Verb
With ” To Be”
The verb “ To Be ” has three forms in the present; am, is and are.
The verb “ To Be ” has two forms in the past; was and were.
|Subject||Present Form “Be”||Past Form “Be”|
|He, She, It||is||was|
|We, You, They||are||were|
1. If the main verb of the sentence is “to be”, question form is
Be ( am, is, are, was, were ) + Subject + ….
|I am a doctor.||Am I a doctor?|
|He is from England.||Is he from England?|
|We are happy.||Are we happy?|
|She was ready.||Was she ready?|
|They were the same.||Were they the same?|
2. If the sentence has a main verb and an auxiliary verb “to be”, question form is
Be ( as an auxiliary verb ) + Subject + Main Verb + ….
|I am studying English.||Am I studying English?|
|He is watching television.||Is he watching television?|
|We are working in the office.||Are we working in the office?|
|She was waiting at the bus stop.||Was she waiting at the bus stop?|
|They were coming to take me away.||Were they coming to take me away?|
When there is more than one auxiliary verb in a sentence (especially in passive voice ), we put first auxiliary verb at the beginning of a sentence, the other(s) comes after the subject. In this case,
Question Form is;
Auxiliary Verb + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Main Verb + ….
|The conversation was being recorded.||Was the conversation being recorded?|
|The car had already been parked when we arrived.||Had the car already been parked when we arrived?|
|The window are being broken.||Are the window being broken?|
3. If we want to make a negative yes/no question with”to be”, question form is
Be ( am, is, are, was, were ) + NOT + Subject + ….
|He is not ( isn’t ) a student.||Isn’t he a student?|
|You are not ( aren’t ) going to swim.||Aren’t you going to swim?|
|That was not ( wasn’t ) my car.||Wasn’t that your car?|
|They were not ( weren’t ) listening to the music.||Weren’t they listening to the music?|
|The book was not ( wasn’t ) given to me.||Wasn’t the book given to me?|
4. When we are replying the question, we can use short or long form for the answer. Answer forms are;
Yes + Subject + Auxiliary Verb ( + … )
No + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not ( + …. )
|Question||Answer ( Short -Long )|
|Am I sympathetic?||Yes. / Yes, you are. / Yes, you are sympathetic.|
|Is she coming?||No. / No, she isn’t. / No, she isn’t coming.|
|Are they married?||Yes. / Yes, they are. / Yes, they are married.|
|Was he nervous?||No. / No, he wasn’t. / No, he wasn’t nervous.|
|Were you visiting your family?||Yes. / Yes, we were. / Yes, we were visiting our family.|
|Has the statue been painted?||No. / No, it hasn’t. / No, it hasn’t been painted.|
( generally short form is used as an answer )
YES/NO QUESTIONS WITH PRESENT FORM OF ” BE ( AM/IS/ARE ) “
YES/NO QUESTIONS WITH PAST FORM OF ” BE ( WAS/WERE ) “