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Yes/No Questions

TYPES OF QUESTIONS

In English, there are two main types of questions which are;

  • Yes / No Questions
  • Wh – Questions

YES / NO QUESTIONS

Yes / No questions are the questions which are answered yes or no.  It means when we are asking yes/no questions, we are expecting the answer, yes or no. 

To form Yes/No questions, we use one of these verbs: auxiliary verbs ( be, do and have ) or modal verbs ( can, may,etc.).

We can not use questions words like what, how, why, who, etc. whilw making Yes/No questions.


FORMING YES/NO QUESTIONS

Yes / No questions are made, using the verb (am, is, are, was, were, have, had, do, does, did, can, will, should etc.) at the beginning of a sentence. Namely, subject and verb change their position in statement and question.

With An Auxiliary Verb ( “Be” or “Do” or “Have” ) or  Modal Verb


With  TO BE

The verb “ To Be ” has three forms in the presentamis and are

The verb “ To Be ” has two forms in the pastwas and were.

Subject Present Form “Be” Past Form “Be”
I am was
He, She, It is was
We, You, They are were

Making Yes/No Questions 

Be ( am, is, are, was, were ) + Subject + ….

( be as a main verb )

Sentence Question
am a doctor. Am I a doctor?
He is from England. Is he from England?
We are happy. Are we happy?
She was ready. Was she ready?
They were the same. Were they the same?

( be as an auxiliary verb )

Sentence Question
am studying English. Am I studying English?
He is watching television. Is he watching television?
We are working in the office. Are we working in the office?
She was waiting at the bus stop. Was she waiting at the bus stop?
They were coming to take me away. Were they coming to take me away?

Questions and Short & Long Answers

Yes + Subject + Auxiliary Verb  ( + … )

No + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not ( + …. )

Question Answer ( Short -Long )
Am I sympathetic? Yes. / Yes, you are. / Yes, you are sympathetic.
Is she coming? No. / No, she isn’t. / No, she isn’t coming.
Are they married? Yes. / Yes, they are. / Yes, they are married.
Was he nervous? No. / No, he wasn’t. / No, he wasn’t nervous.
Were you visiting your family? Yes. / Yes, we were. / Yes, we were visiting our family.
Has the statue been painted?  No. / No, it hasn’t. / No, it hasn’t been painted.

( generally short form is used as an answer )

With DO

The verb “ Do ” has two forms in the presentdo and does

The verb “ Do ” has one form in the pastdid.

Subject Present Form “Do” Past Form “Do”
I, You, We, You, They do did
He, She, It does did

Making Yes/No Questions

Do ( as an auxiliary verb ) + Subject + Main Verb + ….

Sentence Question
put the keys on the table. Do I put the keys on the table?
She gets up early in mornings. Does she get up early in mornings?
Coffee grows in Brazil. Does coffee grow in Brazil?
You like spend time at home. Do you like spend time at home?
They write letter to me. Do they write letter to me?
We drank milk. Did we drink milk?
He cleaned his room. Did he clean his room?

Questions and Short & Long Answers

Yes + Subject + Auxiliary Verb  ( + … )

No + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not ( + …. )

Question Answer
Do you prefer your coffee black? Yes. / Yes, I do. / Yes, I prefer my coffee black.
Do they always criticize you? No. / No, they don’t. / No, they don’t criticize me.
Does it work loudly? Yes. / Yes, it does. / Yes, it works loudly.
Does she like swimming? No. / No, she doesn’t. / No, she doesn’t like swimming.
Did we visit our relatives? Yes./ Yes, we did. / Yes, we visited our relatives.
Did he take a new car? No. / No, she didn’t. / No, she didn’t take a new car.

( generally short form is used as an answer )

With HAVE

The verb “ Have ” has two forms in the presenthave and has

The verb “ Have ” has one form in the pasthad.

Subject Present Form “Do” Past Form “Do”
I, You, We, You, They have had
He, She, It has had

ATTENTION:1. If we use “have” as a main verb in a sentence, we use “do” as an auxiliary verb to make negative and question sentences.

Example:

  • have a car. ( have is a main verb – positive sentence )
  • don’t have a car. ( we use “do” as an auxiliary verb to make the sentence in negative )
  • Do I have a car?  ( we use “do” as an auxiliary verb to make the sentence in question )

2.  If we use “have” as an auxiliary verb ( especially before -ed (past participle) forms to make the present and past perfect tense ) in a sentence, we use “have” to make negative and question sentences.

For Prefect Tenses (Present & Past Perfect Tenses and Present & Past Perfect Progressive Tenses )

Example:

  • have finished my homework. ( have is an auxiliary verb, finish is a main verb – positive sentence )
  • I haven’t finished my homework. ( we use “have” as an auxiliary verb to make the sentence in negative )
  • Have I finished my homework?  ( we use “have” as an auxiliary verb to make the sentence in question )

Making Yes/No Questions

Have ( as an auxiliary verb ) + Subject + Main Verb + ….

Sentence Question
have studied English. Have I studied English?
He has finished his homework. Has he finished his homework?
The film had started. Had the film started?
We had locked the door. Had we locked the door?
They have moved house. Have they moved house?

Questions and Short & Long Answers

Yes + Subject + Auxiliary Verb  ( + … )

No + Subject + Auxiliary Verb + Not ( + …. )

Question Answer
Have you ever  seen any rainbow? Yes. / Yes, I have. / Yes, I have seen a rainbow before.
Have I met your family? No. / No, you haven’t. / No, you haven’t met my family.
Has it been started? Yes. / Yes, it has. / Yes, it has been started.
Had we sold our stock? No. / No, we hadn’t. / No, we had sold our stock.
Had they been married? Yes./ Yes, they had. / Yes, they had been married.
Has he stayed with us? No. / No, he hasn’t. / No, he hasn’t stayed with us.

( generally short form is used as an answer )

With MODAL VERB

( MODALS / MODAL AUXILIARIES / MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS )

There are many modal verbs in English. Here some are;

Modal Verbs
Can Will Shall
Could Would Sould
May Must Ought to
Might Have to Had better

Making Yes/No Questions

Modal + Subject + Main Verb + ….

Sentence Question
may visit you tomorrow. May I visit you tomorrow?
You can repeat it. Can you repeat it?
She will pass the salt. Will you pass the salt?
We should stay here. Should we stay here?
They might come. Might they come?

Questions and Short & Long Answers

Yes + Subject + Modal Verb  ( + … )

No + Subject + Modal Verb + Not ( + …. )

Question Answer
Can we get married? Yes. / Yes, we can. / Yes, we can get married.
Would you like to drink tea? No. / No, I wouldn’t. / No, I wouldn’t like to drink tea.
2Might he come tomorrow? Yes. / Yes, I might. / Yes, I might come tomorrow.
Should I clean my room every day? No. / No, you shouldn’t. / No, you shouldn’t clean your room every day .
Will you sit down? Yes. / Yes, I will. / Yes, I will sit down.
Could you tell me about yourself? No. / No, I couldn’t. / No, I couldn’t tell you about myself.

( generally short form is used as an answer )

 

 

 

 

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