The Temperature in English

THE TEMPERATURE IN ENGLISH

Temperature shows the warmth or coldness of an object, air or human’s body.

We use a thermometer to measure the temperature of something. Temperature is usually measure in degrees. The “ ° ” symbol after a number means degrees.




In daily life, we mostly use degrees Celsius ( C ) as a temperature unit. It is used in English-speaking countries apart from U.S. On the other hand, Fahrenheit ( F ) is used as a temperature unit in the U.S.

Asking Temperature;

  • It’s pretty cold / hot. What’s the temperature?
  • What is the temperature there?

Expressing Temperature;

  • It is 5 below. ( -5 degrees )
  • It’s 30 degrees Celsius. (30 oC)
  • It’s maximum 45°F in the morning.
  • It’s 20 degrees Fahrenheit. (20°F)
  • It’s two degrees above zero. (2 °C)
  • It’s 35 below zero. (-35 °C )
  • It is very hot outside. It is about forty-two degrees. (45°C)
  • It is very cold today. It is about one degree above zero. ( -1°C )
  • The temperature inside is plus 10 degrees. ( +10°C )
  • The temperature outside is minus twenty degrees.  ( – 20°C )
  • It is over 25 oC.
  • The thermometer showed a temperature of –38°C last night!
  • The temperature reached 36°C.
  • A: In which unit do you want to say the temperature ( Celsius or Fahrenheit )? – B: Please, give me the temperature in Celsius.
  • The average temperature is 17 degrees but this temperature may change 3 degrees below and above. ( 17 °C +/- 3 )
  • Water boils at 212°F. (at two hundred twelve degrees Fahrenheit) or Water boils at 100 °C ( at one hundred degrees Celsius ( centigrade ) ).
  • Water freezes at 0°C. (at zero degrees Celsius) or Water freezes at 32 °F  ( at thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit ).
  • Your temperature is high / normal / low / below normal / too high / lower than normal, etc. It is 36.3 °C ( thirty-six point three degrees ) / 37 °C ( thirty seven degrees ) / 40.9 °C ( forty point nine degrees ),etc.
  • The thermos keeps liquids at a constant temperature ( hot or cold ).




Words and Adjectives Expressing The Temperature

Temperature shows the amount of heat of something, an object or human’s body. ( Noun )

Thermometer is the instrument for measuring the temperature of something. ( Noun )

Cold means having low temperature. ( Adjective )

Hot means having high temperature. ( Adjective )

Warm means having moderate temperature. ( Adjective )

Cool means slightly cold in a pleasant way. ( Adjective )

Chilly means cold. ( Adjective )

Freezing means extremely cold or having the temperature below 0 °C. ( Adjective )

Mild / Moderate / Temperate means neither very hot nor very cold. ( Adjective )

Equable means not changing suddenly. ( Adjective )

Boiling / Scorching means very hot. ( Adjective )

Stifling / Sweltering means extremely hot in an unpleasant way. ( Adjective )

 

Some Temperature Values

The approximate temperature values ​​used for some cases are given below;

Temperature Case
Below 0°C Very cold
0°C Freezing point of water or Melting point of ice
0°C – 10°C Cold
4°C Water has its smallest volume at this temperature
10°C – 15°C Cool
15°C – 25°C Warm
25°C Room temperature
25°C – 35°C Hot
Above 35°C Very hot
37°C Body temperature
100°C Boiling point of water or Condensation point of vapor

Most Common Temperature Scales 

Celsius, also called Centigrade, is a temperature scale in which water freezes at zero degrees and boils at 100 degrees. ( °C )

Fahrenheit is a temperature scale in which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. ( °F )

Kelvin is a temperature scale in which water freezes at 273 degrees and boils at 373 degrees. ( °K )

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