1. USING “IN CASE” ( AS A CONJUNCTION ) TO SHOW REASON/CAUSE IN ENGLISH
“in case” is used to talk about things we should do in order to be prepared for possible future situations. In other words,
“in case” is a structure we use when expressing how we will take precautions for the possibility of something.
- “in case” is a conjunction which is used to join two clauses. ( one of them expresses an action, the other expresses the reason )
- “in case” is used before the clause which indicates the reason/cause.
- “in case” is used to indicate the reason or cause of the action which is mentioned before.
A ( Main) Clause ( Action ) + In Case + A Clause ( Reason )
PRECAUTION + In Case + POSSIBILITY
You can see many examples related to using “in case” below;
- I will not go to my office by my car in case it snows. ( Action – Reason )
( It snows – possibility / I will not go… – precaution )
- My mother put a cake in my handbag in case I was hungry. ( Action – Reason )
( I was hungry – possibility / My mother put a cake… – precaution )
- Her father always gives her some money in case she can need it. ( Action – Reason )
( She can need it – possibility / Her father always gives her some money – precaution )
- Take your hat in case it is sunny. ( Action – Reason )
( It is sunny – possibility / take your hat – precaution )
- I put the keys here in case I forget. ( Action – Reason )
( I forget – possibility / I put the keys here – precaution )
- Take an umbrella in case it rains. ( Action – Reason )
( It rains – possibility / Take an umbrella – precaution )
- The teacher wrote down the student’s homework on a piece of paper in case he should forget his homework. ( Action – Reason )
( he should forget… – possibility / the teacher wrote down – precaution )
2. USING “IN CASE” ( AS AN ADVERB – JUST IN CASE ) IN ENGLISH
“just in case” is used without a following clause to mean simply “as a precaution”.
You can see many examples related to using “just in case” below;
- Take an extra singlet, just in case.
- It might sunny today so you should take your hat just in case.
- He don’t think he will need any money. However, he will bring some money just in case.
For “so that” vs ” in case”, click here
For “in case” vs “in case of”, click here