Weather Vocabulary in English



Words Related to “rain” and Their Meanings:

Rain is drops of water from clouds.

Heavy / constant / steady /pouring rain or Downpour is a lot of rain in a short time.

Light / gentle rain or Drizzle means not heavy rain.

Rainfall is the amount of rain which falls.

Deluge is a severe flood.

Rainstorm is a storm with heavy rain.

A drop of rain / a droplet / a raindrop is a single drop of rain.

Rainbow is a curved shape of different colours seen in the sky.

Shower is a short period of rain or snow.



Words Related to “snow” and Their Meanings:

Snow  means atmospheric water vapor frozen into ice crystals and falling in light white flakes or lying on the ground as a white layer.

Heavy snow / deep snow is great amount of snow.

Light snow means not heavy snow.

Hail is small and hard balls of ice falling from the sky.

Sleet is a snow partly melted.

Wet snow means watery snow.

Melting snow means snow turing from the solid state to the liquid state.

Snowfall means a fall of snow.

Snowstorm is a heavy fall of snow, especially with a high wind.

Blizzard is a severe snowstorm with high winds and low visibility.

Frost is the thin, white layer of ice that forms when the air temperature is below the freezing point of water, especially outside at night.

Thaw means snow becoming liquid as a result of warming.

Slippery roads or surface means a surface difficult to hold firmly or stand on because it is smooth, wet, or slimy.

Snowflake is a small piece of snow that falls from the sky.

Snowdrift is a large mass of  snow heaped up by the wind.

Snow bank is a large pile of snow.

Ice is the water that has frozen and become solid.

Icicle is a hanging, tapering piece of ice formed by the freezing of dripping water.

Shower is a short period of rain or snow.



Words Related to “sun” and Their Meanings:

Blazing means very bright and hot. Blazing sun / sunshine ( adjective )

Sunshine / Sunlight is the light coming from the sun. ( noun )

Shiny means bright. ( adjective )

Sunrays / Sunbeams are lines of light shining from the sun. ( noun )

Bright means full of light.  Bright sun / sunshine ( adjective )

A patch of sunlight means a piece of sunlight. ( noun )



Words Related to “cloud” and Their Meanings

Cloudy means that the sky is completely covered by clouds, no view of blue sky. 

Overcast means that There are clouds in the sky, no light and sun.

Gloomy means dark or cloudy in a way that is unpleasant and makes it difficult to see.



Words Related to “wind” and Their Meanings:

Wind is a current of air moving approximately horizontally, especially one strong enough to be felt.

Breeze is a light wind.

Gentle wind is a light wind.

Blustery means the wind blowing strongly.

a gust of wind, a blast of wind, strong wind, high wind

gust and blast means a sudden strong wind.

strong or high wind means hard wind.

light wind means the wind blowing slightly.

Brisk wind means the wind blowing quickly and actively.

Piercing wind means the wind making you fell very cold.

Easterly / Westerly / Northerly / Southerly wind is a wind blowing from the east.

Hurricane / Whirlwind / Tornado is a violent wind that has a circular movement, especially in the West Atlantic Ocean.

Twister is used as a word instead of “tornado” in U.S.

Cyclone is a violent storm, especially in Southern Hemisphere.

Windstorm / Gale is a storm with very strong wind.

Typhoon is a tropical storm, especially in the West Pacific Ocean.

Dust storm is a mass of dust and sand that has been lifted from the ground in very dry areas such as deserts and that is carried by the wind.

Sandstorm is a strong wind in a desert carrying a large amount of sand.

Tropical Storm is a storm forming over tropical oceans.

Hurricane, typhoon, cyclone are the same. However, they have different names because they are in different regions which are mentioned above.



Words Related to “fog” and Their Meanings:

Fog / Haze / Mist is a weather condition in which very small drops of water come together to form a thick cloud close to the land or earth’s surface and it is hard to see.

Thick fog / Dense fog / Heavy Fog means having parts which are close together so that it is difficult to see well.

Patchy fog means fog only existing in some parts.

A blanket of fog means fog covering something completely with a thick layer.

Smog is a fog  combined with smoke and other atmospheric pollutants.



Words Related to “clear” and Their Meanings

Clear means that there are no clouds in the sky.

Sunny sky / Blue sky / Bright Sun has the same meaning with clear.



Words Related to “hot” and Their Meanings

Hot means having a high temperature.

Sweltering means extremely hot.



Warm means having a moderate degree of heat.



Words Related to “cold” and Their Meanings

Cold means at a low temperature.

Frost means  a weather condition in which the air temperature falls below the freezing point of water, especially outside at night. 

Frosty / Nippy / Freezing means very cold.



Words Related to “humid” and Their Meanings

Humid / Damp / Moist / Wet / Dewy means containing extremely small drops of water in the air.

Dew is drops of water that form on the ground and other cool surfaces during the night, when atmospheric vapor condenses.



Words Related to “thunder / lightning” and Their Meanings

Thunder is a sudden loud noise that comes from the sky after a lightning flash due to the expansion of rapidly heated air.)

( a clap of thunder / a thunderclap is a sudden loud noise made by thunder.)

( a bolt of thunder / thunderbolt is a flash of lightning and the sound of thunder together.)

( Lightning / a flash of lightning /a bright flash of lightning / a bolt of lightning is  a flash of bright light in the sky that is produced by electricity moving between clouds or from clouds to the ground. )