Countries, Nationalities and Languages in English

This post include countries ( names of countries ), their natinalities, adjectives ( used for these countries ), people ( people from these countries ) and languages ( spoken languages in these countries );



Examples:

Counrty: Mary is from England.

Natinality: They are Albanian.

Adjective: The Italian pizza is very famous.

Citizen(Person): John is a Frenchman.

Language: I speak German very well.



Note:

“Nationality” is not usually used in spoken English. It is a formal and officional word. We generally see it in written English.

Examples:

We do not say;

” What is your nationality? or Her nationality is Japanese. ”

Instead of them, we say;

” Where are you from? / Where do you come from? or She is Japanese. ”

 

A

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Afghanistan Afghan / Afghani Afghan / Afghani an Afghan / Afghani Persian – Pashto
Albania Albanian Albanian an Albanian  Albanian
Algeria Algerian Algerian an Algerian Arabic
Argentina Argentine / Argentinian Argentine / Argentinian an Argentine / anArgentinian Spanish
Australia Australian Australian an Australian English
Austria Austrian Austrian an Austrian more than two

B

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Bangladesh Bangladeshi Bangladeshi a Bangladeshi Bengali
Belarus Belarusian Belarusian a Belarusian Belarusian / Rusian
Belgium Belgian Belgian a Belgian French / Flemish
Bolivia Bolivian Bolivian a Bolivian more than two
Brazil Brazilian Brazilian a Brazilian Portuguese
Bulgaria Bulgarian Bulgarian a Bulgarian  Bulgarian




C

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Cambodia Cambodian Cambodian a Cambodian Khmer
Cameroon Cameroonian Cameroonian a Cameroonian French / English
Canada Canadian Canadian a Canadian English / French
Chile Chilean Chilean a Chilean Spanish
China Chinese Chinese a Chinese Chinese
Colombia Colombian Colombian a Colombian Spanish
Croatia Croatian Croatian a Croatian Croatian
Cuba Cuban Cuban a Cuban Spanish
Cyprus Cypriot Cypriot a Cypriot Greek / Turkish
Czech Republic Czech Czech a Czech Czech

D

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Denmark Danish Danish a Dane Danish
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congolese Congolese a Congolese French
Dominican Republic Dominican Dominican a Dominican Spanish

E

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Ecuador Ecuadorian Ecuadorian an Ecuadorian Spanish
Egypt Egyptian Egyptian an Egyptian Arabic
El Salvador Salvadorian Salvadorian an Salvadorian Spanish
England British / English English an Englishman / Englishwoman English
Estonia Estonian Estonian an Estonian Estonian
Ethiopia Ethiopian Ethiopian an Ethiopian Amharic



F

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Finland Finnish Finnish a Finn Finnish
Fiji Fijian Fijian a Fijian more than two
France French French a Frenchman / Frenchwoman French

G

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Greece Greek Greek a Greek Greek
Georgia Georgian Georgian a Georgian Georgian
Germany German German a German German
Ghana Ghanaian Ghanaian a Ghanaian English
Guatemala Guatemalan Guatemalan a Guatemalan Spanish
Guinea Guinean Guinean a Guinean French

H

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Haiti Haitian Haitian a Haitian French / Creole
Holland (also Netherlands) Dutch Dutch a Dutchman / Dutchwoman more than two
Honduras Honduran Honduran a Honduran Spanish
Hungary Hungarian Hungarian a Hungarian Hungarian



I

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Iceland Icelandic Icelandic an Icelander Icelandic
India Indian Indian an Indian Hindi / English
Indonesia Indonesian Indonesian an Indonesian Indonesian
Iran Iranian Iranian / Persian an Iranian Persian
Iraq Iraqi Iragi an Iragi more than two
Ireland Irish Irish an Irishman / Irishwoman Irish / English
Israel Israeli Israeli an Israeli Hebrew
Italy Italian Italian an Italian Italian
Ivory Coast Ivorian Ivorian an Ivorian French

J

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Jamaica Jamaican Jamaican a Jamaica English
Japan Japanese Japanese a Japanese Japanese
Jordan Jordanian Jordanian a Jordanian Arabic



K

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Kazakhstan Kazakh / Kazakhstani Kazakh / Kazakhstani a Kazakh / Kazakhstani Kazakh / Russian
Kenya Kenyan Kenyan a Kenyan Swahili
Korea Korean Korean a Korean Korean
Kuwait Kuwaiti Kuwaiti a Kuwaiti Arabic

L

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Laos Laotian / Lao Laotian / Lao a Laotian / Lao Lao
Latvia Latvian Latvian a Latvian Latvian
Lebanon Lebanese Lebanese a Lebanese Arabic
Libya Libyan Libyan a Libyan Arabic
Lithuania Lithuanian Lithuanian a Lithuanian Lithuanian
Luxembourg Luxembourger Luxembourger a Luxembourger more than two

M

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Macedonia Macedonian Macedonian a Macedonian Macedonian
Madagascar Malagasy Madagascan a Malagasy Malagasy / French
Malaysia Malaysian Malaysian a Malaysian Malay / Malaysian
Malawi Malawian Malawian a Malawian Chewa / English
Mali Malian Malian a Malian French
Malta Maltese Maltese a Maltese Maltese / English
Mexico Mexican Mexican a Mexican Spanish
Moldova Moldovan Moldovan a Moldovan Romanian
Monaco Monégasque / Monacan Monégasque / Monacan a Monégasque / Monacan French
Mongolia Mongolian Mongolian a Mongolian / Mongol Mongolian
Montenegro Montenegrin Montenegrin a Montenegrin Montenegrin
Morocco Moroccan Moroccan a Moroccan Arabic / French
Mozambique Mozambican Mozambican a Mozambican Portuguese / Svahili
Myanmar / Burma Burmese Burmese a Burmese Burmese



N

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Nepal Nepalese / Nepali Nepalese / Nepali Nepalese / Nepali Nepalese / Nepali
New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand a New Zealander English / Maori
Nigeria Nigerian Nigerian a Nigerian English
North Korea North Korean North Korean a North Korean Korean
Northern Ireland British / Northern Irish Northern Irish a Northern Irishman / Northern Irishwoman more than two
Norway Norwegian Norwegian a Norwegian Norwegian

P

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Pakistan Pakistani Pakistani a Pakistani Urdu / English
Palestinian Territories Palestinian Palestinian a Palestinian Arabic
Panama Panamanian Panamanian a Panamanian Spanish
Paraguay Paraguayan Paraguayan a Paraguayan Spanish
Peru Peruvian Peruvian a Peruvian Spanish
Philippines Filipino Filipino a Filipino Tagalog / Filipino
Poland Polish Polish a Pole Polish
Portugal Portuguese Portuguese a Portuguese Portuguese

Q

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Qatar Qatari Qatari a Qatari Arabic / English

R

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Romania  Romanian  Romanian  a Romanian  Romanian
Russia  Russian  Russian  a Russian  Russian

S

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Saudi Arabia  Saudi Arabian  Saudi Arabian  a Saudi Arabian  Arabic
Scotland  British / Scottish  Scottish  a Scot / Scotsman / Scotswoman  English
Serbia  Serbian  Serbian  a Serbian  Serbian
Singapore  Singaporean  Singaporean  a Singaporean  more than two
Slovakia  Slovak / Slovakian  Slovak / Slovakian  a Slovak / Slovakian  Slovak
Slovenia  Slovenian / Slovene  Slovenian / Slovene  a Slovenian / Slovene  Slovene
Somalia  Somali / Somalian  Somali / Somalian  a Somali / Somalian  Somali / Arabic
South Africa  South African  South African  a South African  more than two
South Korea  South Korean  South Korean  a South Korean  Korean
Spain  Spanish  Spanish  a Spaniard  Spanish
Sri Lanka  Sri Lankan  Sri Lankan  a Sri Lankan  more than two
Sudan  Sudanese  Sudanese  a Sudanese  Arabic / English
Sweden  Swedish  Swedish  a Swede  Swedish
Switzerland  Swiss  Swiss  a Swiss  more than two
Syria  Syrian  Syrian  a Syrian  Arabic

T

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Taiwan Taiwanese Taiwanese a Taiwanese Chinese
Tanzania Tanzanian Tanzanian a Tanzanian Swahili / English
Thailand Thai Thai a Thai Tai
Tunisia Tunisian Tunisian a Tunisian Arabic
Turkey Turkish Turkish a Turk Turkish

U

Ukraine  Ukrainian  Ukrainian  an Ukrainian  Ukrainian
Uganda  Ugandan  Ugandan  an Ugandan  English / Swahili
United Kingdom  British  British  a Briton  English
United States  American  American  an American  English
Uruguay  Uruguayan  Uruguayan  an Uruguayan  Spanish

V

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Venezuela  Venezuelan  Venezuelan  a Venezuelan  Spanish
Vietnam  Vietnamese  Vietnamese  a Vietnamese  Vietnamese

W

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Wales British / Welsh Welsh a Welshman / Welshwoman Welsh / English

Y

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Yemen Yemeni / Yemenite Yemeni / Yemenite a Yemeni / Yemenite Arabic
Yugoslavia Yugoslav Yugoslav a Yugoslav Serbian-Coreation

Z

Counrty Nationality Adjective Citizen (Person) Language
Zambia Zambian Zambian a Zambian English
Zimbabwe Zimbabwean Zimbabwean a Zimbabwean more than two

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