Seasons in English

Season is one of the four periods of the year which are characterized by particular conditions of weather, temperature, etc.




There are four seasons in a year. These are;

  • Summer
  • Winter
  • Spring
  • Autumn ( in the rest of the world ) / Fall ( used in U.S. )

Each season has three months and its own characteristics. Let see them below;

For Months of the Season click here

SUMMER




Summer is the season between spring and autumn, lasting from June to September north of the equator and from December to March south of the equator.

For North of The Equator For South of The Equator
JUNE DECEMBER
JULY JANUARY
AUGUST FEBRUARY

In summer,

  • The days are long and the nights are short.
  • The weather is hot and dry.
  • It is sunny.
  • The fruits ripen.

 

Examples with “summer”;

  • We generally go to the seaside in the summer.
  • Many people have dinner on the balcony in summer.
  • Summer’s days are very hot so everyone wants to eat ice-cream and drink cold drinks.
  • Every summer they go on holiday.
  • People wear shorts and t-shirts in the summer.

 

WINTER

Winter is the season between autumn and spring, lasting from December to March north of the equator and from June to September south of the equator.

For North of The Equator For South of The Equator
DECEMBER JUNE
JANUARY JULY
FEBRUARY AUGUST

In winter,

  • The days are short and the nights are long.
  • The weather is very cold and wet.
  • It is snowy and rainy.

 

Examples with “winter”;

  • Children love to make a snowman in the winter.
  • The roads are generally closed by snow in winter.
  • Winter months are my favorite months.
  • They go skiing every winter.
  • People wear thick coats in the winter.

 

SPRING

Spring is the season between winter and summer, lasting from March to June north of the equator and from September to December south of the equator.

For North of The Equator For South of The Equator
MARCH SEPTEMBER
APRIL OCTOBER
MAY NOVEMBER

 

In spring,

  • The days grow longer and the nights get shorter.
  • The weather becomes warmer.
  • It is often rainy.
  • Leaves and plants start to grow. All the threes and plants are in green.
  • Flowers appear everwhere.

 

Examples with “spring”;

  • All birds sing in spring.
  • The election will be in the spring.
  • Spring days become rainy.
  • A lot of butterflies fly up in the air in the spring.
  • Spring season is many people’s favorite season.

 

AUTUMN / FALL

Autumn is the season between summer and winter, lasting from March to June north of the equator and from September to December south of the equator.

For North of The Equator For South of The Equator
SEPTEMBER MARCH
OCTOBER APRIL
NOVEMBER MAY

 

In autumn,

  • The days get shorter and the nights grow longer.
  • The weather is cool.
  • It is often windy.
  • Leaves fall from the threes.
  • Farmers harvest the crops

 

Examples with “autumn”;

  • People start to wear jackets in autumn.
  • The birds migrate to south in the autumn.
  • I don’t like autumn colors.
  • He said goodbye to us on an autumn evening.
  • We like to travel in the autumn.

 

Attention:

1) The months of the seasons are all capitalized. On the other hand, the seasons are not capitalized.

Examples:

  • It has been very dry summer.
  • He died in January.

2)Using “in” and “on” as prepositions with months and seasons of the year

in” is used with months and seasons. However it is not used for specific days.

Examples:

  • She likes swimming in summer.
  • He will come back in April.

on” is used with specific days during a month.

Examples:

  • My son’s birthday is on 10th May.
  • They will get married on 30th August.

3)Using “in” or “in the” with seasons

We can use both of them with season. But if we talk about a specific season, we should use “in the” with season.

Examples:

  • Days get dark late in ( the ) summer. ( “in” or “in the” – it doesn’t matter )
  • The president will call an election in the autumn. ( It is a specific season so we should use “in the” before season )

4)We make generalization about the seasons. However, all parts of the world do not have four seasons. The seasons may change depending on latitude.

5)The seasons and their months in the Northern Hemisphere are opposite to those in the Southern Hemisphere. ( as you can see above )

2 thoughts on “Seasons in English

  • April 16, 2017 at 3:54 pm
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    hello dear >
    your web is very interesting page for learn english online its very important for english student.

    Reply
    • April 17, 2017 at 3:06 pm
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      thanks my friend 🙂

      Reply

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