Structure of Simple Past Tense

SIMPLE PAST TENSE
This post includes detailed expressions about simple past tense and its structures in english. Please follow the list about Structure of Simple Past Tense;



The tenses simply show the time of an action.

Simple Past Tense indicates an action which is completed at a definite time in the past.

The Structures of Simple Past Tense

POSITIVE FORM (+):  

  • Subject + V2 ( Second Form of Verb )

NEGATIVE FORM (-):

  • Subject + did not + V( First Form of Verb )

QUESTION FORM (?):

  • Did + Subject + V( First Form of Verb )

SHORT ANSWER FORM ( + / – ) :

  • YES / NO + Subject + did / did not (didn’t)



POSITIVE (+) NEGATIVE (-) QUESTION (?)
I started I did not (didn’t) start Did I start
You started You did not (didn’t) start Did you start
He started He did not (didn’t) start Did he start
She started She did not (didn’t) start Did she start
It started It did not (didn’t) start Did it start
We started We did not (didn’t) start Did we start
You started You did not (didn’t) start Did you start
They started They did not (didn’t) start Did they start



ATTENTION! Any auxiliary verbs aren’t used in positive sentences and the second form of the verb is used. ‘ Did or did not’ is used as a auxiliary verb in negative and question sentences and the verb remains simple.





Positive Sentences ( Sbj + V2)

Examples:

  • We watched the news last night.
  • They went to the party yesterday.
  • She read the book.
  • He drew beautiful pictures last week.
  • I learnt Spanish last summer.
  • You gave the present to your friend.
  • We bought a new car.

Negative Sentences ( Sbj + did not + V1)

Examples:

  • We did not (didn’t) watch the news last night.
  • They did not (didn’t) go to the party yesterday.
  • She did not (didn’t) read the book.
  • He did not (didn’t) draw beautiful pictures last week.
  • I  did not (didn’t) learn Spanish last summer.
  • You did not (didn’t) give the present to your friend.
  • We did not (didn’t) buy a new car.



Question Sentences ( Did + Sbj + V1)

Examples:

  • Did we watch the news last night?
  • Did they go to the party yesterday?
  • Did she read the book?
  • Did he draw beautiful pictures last week?
  • Did I learn Spanish last summer?
  • Did you give the present to your friend?
  • Did we buy a new car?

NOTE:
We also use a question word (Who, What, Why etc.) in past tense.
1)

Question Words (who, what, why, etc.) + did + subject pronoun ( he, she, it, I, you, we, they) + V1  ( First Form of Verb )

Examples:

  • Where did you stay last night?
  • When did she go to the school?
  • Why did she cry?

OR

2)

Question Words (who, what, why, etc.) + V2 ( Second Form of Verb )+ object pronouns ( me, you, him, her,it, us, them)

Examples:

  • Who gave you this gift?
  • What made you angry?

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