FUTURE TENSE WITH “BE GOING TO”
STRUCTURE for “Be Going To”
QUESTION FORM (?) : BE ( am / is / are ) + Subject + going to + V1 ( First Form of Verb )
SHORT ANSWER FORMS ( + / – ) :
YES + Subject + be ( am / is / are ) OR
NO + Subject + be ( am / is / are ) + NOT
|POSITIVE(+)||NEGATIVE(-)||POSITIVE QUESTION (?)||SHORT ANSWERS|
|I am going to come||I am not going ( I’m not going ) to come||Am I going to come?||Yes, I am ( I’m ) / No, I am not ( I’m not )|
|You are going to come||You are not going ( You’re not going ) to come||Are you going to come?||Yes, you are ( you’re ) / No, I are not ( you’re not )|
|He is going to come||He is not going ( He’s not going ) to come||Is he going to come?||Yes, he is ( he’s ) / No, he is not (he’s not )|
|She is going to come||She is not going ( She’s not going ) to come||Is she going to come?||Yes, she is ( she’s ) / No, she is not (she’s not )|
|It is going to come||It is not going ( It’s not going ) to come||Is it going to come?||Yes, it is ( it’s ) / No, it is not (it’s not )|
|We are going to come||We are not going ( We’re not going ) to come||Are we going to come?||Yes, we are ( we’re ) / No, we are not (we’re not )|
|You are going to come||You are not going (You’re not going ) to come||Are you going to come?||Yes, you are ( you’re ) / No, you are not ( you’re not )|
|They are going to come||They are not going ( They’re not going ) to come||Are they going to come?||Yes they are( they’re ) / No, they are not (they’re not )|
For “BE GOING TO”
be(am/is/are) going to –> ‘m/’s/’re going to Ex: She‘s going to buy a car.
be(am/is/are) not goint to –> ‘m/’s/’re not going to or isn’t/aren’t going to Ex: They‘re not going to get a card. / They aren’t going to get a card.
- Michael‘s going to buy a new short.
- I‘m not going to see him tonight.
- We‘re going to be crazy.
- He‘s going to work in a software firm when he finishes university.
- Are they going to go to the party tomorrow?
- Patrica and Linda are going to watch the movie.
- He‘s not going to stay at the hotel.
- Laura is going to do all her homework tonight.
- Are you going to be a doctor soon? Yes, I am / No, I’m not
USING “BE GOING TO”
1. We use “be going to” to make prediction, especially when we can see something is about to happen.
( It means we have an evidence and we say according to the evidence not only our personal opinion)
- The man and the woman are engaged. They‘re going to marry next month.
- She gets in her car. She is going to drive the car.
- He is a student. He is studying English at a university. He‘s going to be a english teacher next year.
- Be careful! The bee is going to bite you.
- Mary is pregnant. She’s going to have a baby soon.
- Look at the black clouds in the sky. It’s going to rain.
- Watch out! This vase is going to fall on you.
- A dog is running toward the bone. The dog‘s going to eat the bone.
2. It is used to indicate planned actions.
- They have made reservations for their summer holiday. They’re going to spend their holiday in London.
- We have come to the shopping center. We‘re going to get some food and drink.
- The boss waits reports about incomes every month. So he is going to write a report tomorrow for this month.
- Jully is calling her friends for breakfast. She is going to make a delicious breakfast tomorrow.
- They bought concert tickets yesterday. They are going to go to the concert tonight.
- I have bought my ticket. I‘m going to fly to Florida
- Mark is going to organize the celebration.
- I‘m going to go to make my daugther’s birthday cake.